"Vast networks of underground fungi – the “circulatory system of the planet” –
are to be mapped for the first time, in an attempt to protect them from damage
and improve their ability to absorb and store carbon dioxide.
Fungi use carbon to build networks in the soil, which connect to plant roots
and act as nutrient “highways”, exchanging carbon from plant roots for
nutrients. For instance, some fungi are known to supply 80% of phosphorus to
their host plants.
Underground fungal networks can extend for many miles but are rarely noticed,
though trillions of miles of them are thought to exist around the world. These
fungi are vital to the biodiversity of soils and soil fertility, but little is
known about them.
Many hotspots of mycorrhizal fungi are thought to be under threat, from the
expansion of agriculture, urbanisation, pollution, water scarcity and changes
to the climate.
The new project, from the Society for the Protection of Underground Networks
(SPUN), will involve the collection of 10,000 samples around the world, from
hotspots that are being identified through artificial intelligence technology.
Jane Goodall, the conservationist, who is advising the project, said: “An
understanding of underground fungal networks is essential to our efforts to
protect the soil, on which life depends, before it is too late.”
The Society for the Protection of Underground Networks comprises scientists
from the Netherlands, Canada, the US, France, Germany and the University of
Manchester in the UK.
The first collections will take place next year in Patagonia, and continue for
about 18 months, to create maps of potential underground mycorrhizal fungi that
can be used for further research. Using the maps, the scientists hope to
pinpoint the ecosystems facing the most urgent threats, and partner with local
conservation organisations to try to create “conservation corridors” for the
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*** Xanni ***
Chief Scientist, Xanadu
Partner, Glass Wings
Manager, Serious Cybernetics